Metric analysis

Over 400,000 metric tonnes of grain shipped from Ukraine

The Black Sea Grain Initiative, brokered by the United Nations, Turkey, Russia and Ukraine to allow millions of tonnes of grain and other foodstuffs to leave Ukrainian ports, has transported more than 400,000 tonnes of products since the start of operations on August 1st. .

Daily releases from the Initiative’s Joint Coordination Center (JCC) tracked the shipments, with merchant vessels loaded from Ukraine’s Black Sea ports of Odessa, Chornomorsk and Pivdennyi, before heading to markets such as the Lebanon, the UK, Turkey, Iran, Singapore and elsewhere.

Ukrainian ports have been blocked since the resumption of Russian military operations on February 24 this year with a full-scale invasion of Ukraine, driving west to capture much of the country’s coastline in a bid to cut Kyiv off from the lucrative Black Sea maritime trade resources. Before the war, Ukraine was one of the world’s largest exporters grain and world food prices soared when Russia blocked all merchant traffic from reaching Ukrainian ports.

According to UK government data, in 2021, Ukraine provided 30.9% of Egypt’s grain and wheat consumption, 7.7% of Yemen’s, 7% of Bangladesh’s and 11.7% of Morocco’s . Previously, 96% of Ukrainian grain was exported through the Black Sea.

As part of the JCC, NATO member Türkiye will inspect, within its territorial waters, ships coming from and going to Ukrainian ports to ensure that there are no violations. of the agreement such as the transport of arms and other materials.

The MV Razoni was the first merchant vessel to be inspected as part of the Black Sea Grain Initiative, intended to release millions of tonnes of grain currently stuck in Ukrainian ports. OCHA

This arrangement will allow Ankara to contribute effectively to the enforcement of a maritime arms embargo against Ukraine. The vast majority of NATO member states support Ukraine’s fight against Russia after the new invasion of Moscow on February 24 this year, supply weapons and other military equipment in an effort to prevent the overthrow of President Volodymyr Zelensky’s government in Kyiv.

To date, a total of 437,804 metric tons of grain have been transported out of Ukrainian ports from 20 merchant ships. According to VesselFinder, which monitors AIS data from shipping, once loaded, ships head for anchorages in the northern Bosphorus or Istanbul, where inspections appear to take place.

Of the vessels approved by the JCC so far, five are flagged for Liberia (Arizona, Sacura, Petrel S, Ocean Lion and Osprey S), three for the Marshall Islands (Star Laura, Riva Wind, Star Helena), two for Türkiye (Rahmi Yagci and Polarnet), and unique vessels flying the flags of Belize (Sormovskiy), Saint Kitts and Nevis (Efe), Lebanon (Brave Commander), Malta (Rojen), Barbados (Fulmar S ) and Sierra Leone (Razoni). We did not know under which flag the Mustafa Naciti, Glory, Navistar and Sara were sailing.

Notable expeditions

On August 1, the 18,500 t M/V Razoni, under JCC authorization, left the Ukrainian port of Odessa loaded with grain, with Lebanon as destination. According to a UN statement, the Razoni was carrying more than 26,000 tons of corn.

Since August 12, the Razoni appears to have been transferred from Lebanon and instead headed for Mersin, Turkey, where he arrived on August 11. Its next destination was listed as Egypt, a major recipient of Ukrainian grain before the Russian invasion.

On August 11, the JCC cleared the August 12 outbound movement of the Star Laura from Pivdenniy and Sormovskiy from Chornomorsk carrying 60,150 metric tons of corn and 3,050 metric tons of wheat, respectively. New movements have been authorized, pending inspections, of the Efe and the Sara to head for Odessa, Ukraine.

On August 10, the joint inspection teams cleared three outgoing ships, Arizona, Sacura and Mustafa Naciti, and two incoming ships, Petrel S and Brave Commander, which were respectively en route to Chornomorsk and Pivdenniy.

Earlier this week, on August 8, the Ocean Lion and the Rahmi Yagci were cleared from the port of Chornomorsk on August 9 carrying a cargo of 64,720 metric tons of corn to Incheon, South Korea, and 5,000 metric tons of sunflower meal in Istanbul, Turkey, respectively.

Meanwhile, the Sacura and the Arizona were cleared to depart on August 8 from Pivdennyi and Chornomorsk carrying respective cargoes of 11,000 metric tons bound for Ravenna, Italy, and Iskanderun, Turkey.

On August 6, the Glory (66,084 metric tons of maize to Istanbul, Türkiye), Star Helena (45,000 metric tons of flour to Nantong/Machong, China), Riva Wind (44,000 metric tons of maize to Iskanderun, Türkiye) , and Mustafa Necati (6,000 metric tons of sunflower oil in Monopoli, Italy) was cleared from Chornomorsk and Odessa on August 7, their combined total of 161,084 metric tons of food the largest daily quota to that day.

On August 4, the JCC approved the departure of three ships from Ukraine, two from Chornomorsk and one from Odessa, carrying a total of 58,041 tons of maize through the maritime humanitarian corridor under the Grain Initiative of the black Sea.

The vessels, cleared to begin transit on August 5, were the Polarnet from Chornomorsk with a cargo of 12,000 metric tons of maize bound for Karasu, Türkiye, the Navistar, which was anchored in Odessa, with a cargo of 33,000 tons tonnes of maize to Ringaskiddy, Ireland and Rojen, with a shipment of 13,041 metric tonnes of maize to Teesport, UK.

According to the UN, the initial agreement to ship food products out of Ukraine via the JCC is valid for 120 days from July 22, with an estimated capacity to export up to five million tonnes of cereals and foodstuffs food per month. The JCC agreed on a maritime humanitarian corridor 111 nautical miles long and three nautical miles wide, with authorized vessels to remain in this area or in defined holding areas off the coasts of Ukraine and Turkey.

Navigation is monitored by the JCC using terrestrial and satellite means. Through public shipping announcements, other parties engaged in shipping in the region have been informed of the establishment of the maritime humanitarian corridor, the UN said in an August 7 statement.

In addition, the UN said that shipping companies decide on the movement of their vessels based on business activity and procedures, with the Istanbul JCC authorizing the movement of vessels in and out of the Black Sea based on the requests it receives from the Ukrainian port authorities.

The JCC’s shipping procedures also include security provisions for the safe passage of commercial vessels and other civilian vessels engaged in the initiative, including for emergency and medical response.